supporters of using the atomic bomb against japan believed it would
D. About 95,000 Japanese soldiers were killed, and possibly as many as 150,000 civilians died, or 25% of the civilian population. This answer has been confirmed as correct and helpful. improve relations with Russia. An ocean wave is an example of a(n) _____ wave form. Weaponizing the atom was different, because the bomb does not discriminate between soldier and schoolteacher, warrior and infant. But the committee did consider the question of its use against Japan. Supporters of using the atomic bomb against Japan at the end of World War II thought an invasion would - cost too many American lives. A historian of the Ottoman Empire and modern Turkey, he is a publisher of popular history, a podcaster, and online course creator. Successfully. The first, against the Southern island of Kyushu, had been scheduled for November 1 (Operation Torch). passion and security Hirohito responded: I have given serious thought to the situation prevailing at home and abroad and have concluded that continuing the war can only mean destruction for the nation and prolongation of bloodshed and cruelty in the world. The committee sought the advice of four physicists from the Manhattan Project, including Enrico Fermi and J. Robert Oppenheimer. And I could imagine every farmer with his pitchfork coming at my guts; every pretty girl with a hand grenade strapped to her bottom, or something; that everyone would be an enemy. There is support for the bomb even among some Japanese. It seemed inhumane for our national leaders to employ either weapon on the human race.”. © HistoryOnTheNet 2000-2019. Although it had been decided by Prime Minster Churchill and President Roosevelt back at the Casablanca Conference that the Allies would accept only unconditional surrender from the Axis, the Potsdam Declaration does lay out some terms of surrender. The Japanese should have stayed out of it if they didn’t want bombs dropped. The U.S. dropped a bomb on Hiroshima, the Japanese surrendered, and the war was over. Weegy: Vaporization is the process in which liquid turns to vapor. For American military commanders, determining the strength of Japanese forces and anticipating the level of civilian resistance were the keys to preparing casualty projections. Over the years, however, the binary threat between the United States and Russia has multiplied. Some of the studies estimated American casualties for just the first 30 days of Operation Torch. The main argument in support of the decision to use the atomic bomb is that it saved American lives which would otherwise have been lost in two D-Day-style land invasions of the main islands of the Japanese homeland. For a comprehensive list of World War 2 facts, including the primary actors in the war, causes, a comprehensive timeline, and bibliography, click here. B) noting the bomb would mainly destroy buildings rather than kill people C) suggesting the bomb would only be used on important military targets. The mass murder of Jews in Russia was carried out by Weegy: Vaporization is the process in which liquid turns to vapor. end the war in Europe. Bomb supporters argue that, although this destruction is distasteful by post-war sensibilities, it had become the norm long before President Truman took office, and the atomic bomb was just one more weapon in the arsenal to be employed under this policy. The war was over. Some men had two, three, even four scars on their chests, backs, arms, or legs. C.the Kristallnachts. The main argument in support of the decision to use the atomic bomb is that it saved American lives which would otherwise have been lost in two D-Day-style land invasions of the main islands of the Japanese homeland. Political science is the study of past events. D.improve relations with Russia. Almost immediately, they registered concerns. concentration camps. The first, against the Southern island of Kyushu, had been scheduled for November 1 (Operation Torch). U.S. forces had to burnthen out of holes, caves, and bunkers with flamethrowers. end the war in Europe. What was the result of the Trinity Test in 1945? What was Winston Churchill referring to when he mentioned an "iron ... What is the product of 3 2/3 and 14 2/5? The episode became known at The Bataan Death March. A. On land, U.S. forces again faced heavily fortified and well-constructed defenses. His concerns dismissed, he resigned. Weegy: An ocean wave is an example of a surface wave. For the other side of the issue, go here. The military, after being disarmed, would be permitted to return home to lead peaceful lives. The term they used was gyokusai, or, “shattering of the. They feared Germany was trying to develop nuclear weapons. improve relations with Russia. What about after the war? Supporters of using the atomic bomb at the end of World War II believed that A. Japan might win the war if the bomb was not used. The new Japanese constitution after World War II contained a clause that. So many maimed. There are 80 fish. B. Americans were tired of war and the US should end it quickly. A study done for Secretary of War Henry Stimson’s staff by William Shockley estimated the costs at 1.7 to 4 million American casualties, including 400,000-800,000 fatalities. They murdered several hundred thousand unarmed civilians, and raped between 20,000-80,000 men, women and children. User: primary wave User: a space in which particles have ... Weegy: 12+12 = 24 User: Approximately how many hours does she play soccer in a year? Supporters of Truman’s decision to use the atomic bomb point out that Japan had been given ample opportunity to surrender. Using the bomb would destroy the armaments still available to Japanese forces in Japan. The Interim Committee, created in May 1945, was primarily tasked with providing advice to the President on all matters pertaining to nuclear energy. (Ramshackle.) Two other Pacific memoirs, both published decades ago, resurged in popularity in 2010, owing to their authors’ portrayal in another HBO mini-series, The Pacific (2010). © 2020 USA TODAY, a division of Gannett Satellite Information Network, LLC. There are 80 fish. By the time Roosevelt died in April 1945, almost 2 billion dollars of taxpayer money had been spent on the project. B. Studies estimating total U.S. casualties were equally varied and no less grim. C=It showed that Japan was willing to fight to the end. encouraging farmers to form labor unions. Supporters of using the atomic bomb against Japan believed it would In the first major land combat at Guadalcanal, the Japanese had employed night-time banzai charges—direct frontal assaults against entrenched machine gun positions. B.the Final Solution. Supporters of using the atomic bomb against Japan believed it would When the Marines sought cover and concealment, the terrain’s jagged, sharp edges cut up their uniforms, bodies, and equipment. Five U.S. Army divisions, three Marine divisions, and dozens of Navy vessels participated in the 82-day battle. So I rejoiced. “If the military had its way, we would have fought until all 80 million Japanese were dead. Only the atomic bomb saved me. Third, there was real concern in Washington that the Japanese had made a determination to fight literally to the death. prevented Japan from having or using an army. On July 16, 1945, a few ounces of plutonium proved to have the explosive power of 21,000 tons of TNT. Weegy: An ocean wave is an example of a surface wave. “I couldn’t have survived another month,” he said. Meanwhile, another method of Japanese resistance was emerging. Except for a few widely scattered shouts of joy, the survivors sat hollow-eyed and silent, trying to comprehend a world without war. the Axis nations. Only 15% supported direct military use of the bomb. improve relations with China. Despite promises from Japanese commanders, the American prisoners were treated inhumanely. Japan should have some preliminary warning, an era of devastation on an unimaginable scale. Those soldiers with extensive combat experience in the Pacific theater and with first-hand knowledge of Japanese resistance also express conflicting thoughts about the bomb. Nearly three-quarters of them supported a public demonstration of the bomb, which they believed would cause Japan to surrender. For the other side of the issue, go here. Today, nuclear war still menaces. Only 17 Japanese soldiers were alive at the end of the battle. Political science is the study of past events. For one, Field Marshall Hisaichi Terauchi had ordered that all 100,000 Allied prisoners of war be executed if the Americans invaded. that Germany was researching nuclear weapons. We were so relieved. On February 13, 1945, 1,300 U.S. and British heavy bombers firebombed the German city of Dresden, the center of German art and culture, creating a firestorm that destroyed 15 square miles and killed 25,000 civilians. Mid-July intelligence estimates placed the number of Japanese soldiers in the main islands at under 2,000,000, but that number increased sharply in the weeks that followed as more units were repatriated from Asia for the final homeland defense. the Soviet Union. Roosevelt said that these precedents for attacking civilians from the air, “has sickened the hearts of every civilized man and woman, and has profoundly shocked the conscience of humanity.” He went on to describe such actions as “inhuman barbarism,” and appealed to the war-makers not to target civilian populations. What was their spouse’s job? Today, nuclear war still menaces. The document concluded with an ultimatum: “We call upon the Government of Japan to proclaim now the unconditional surrender of all the Japanese armed forces…the alternative for Japan is prompt and utter destruction.”  To bomb supporters, the Potsdam Declaration was m5ore than fair in its surrender terms and in its warning of what would happen should those terms be rejected. It was clear Japan was unwilling to surrender on terms even remotely acceptable to the US and its allies, and the country was preparing a defence far more formidable than the US had anticipated. Japan had no atomic program worth fearing. (The counter-argument, of course, is that fear of losing an election is no justification for using such a weapon). They have been repaid many fold.”. Germany had first bombed civilians as part of an incursion into the Spanish Civil War. Contributing to the partial Test Ban Treaty of 1963, the Nonproliferation Treaty of 1968, the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty of 1972 and others, Pugwash has led the efforts to create a safer world. Yet still he deserves the last word, for recognizing that one weapon can create a global challenge. Log in for more information. The infamous “Bataan Death March” provides further rationale for supporters of this argument. After World War II, Berlin was controlled by It evolved into an influential force for weapons negotiations. I cannot bear to see my innocent people suffer any longer. The U.S. Navy’s dead, at 4,907, exceeded its wounded, primarily because of the kamikaze. We knew we were going home soon. related to the temperature of the liquid. The US B-29 superfortress Bockscar dropped the atomic bomb nicknamed 'Fat Man,' which detonated above the ground, on northern part of … Despite Roosevelt’s “appeal” in 1939, he and the nation had long crossed that moral line by war’s end. Truman’s decision to use the atomic bomb was the best choice available under the circumstances and was therefore morally justifiable. improve relations with China. Me and all my buddies jumping in Tokyo, and the Allied forces going in, and all of us getting killed? related to the temperature of the liquid. In 1995, Rotblat and Pugwash shared the Nobel Peace Prize. putting farms under government control. Supporters of using the atomic bomb against Japan believed it would save American lives. Undersecretary of the Navy Ralph Bard wrote to Secretary of War Henry Stimson: “Japan should have some preliminary warning.”.

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